Windows Troubleshooting

In using Windows as an Operating System (OS) we are often faced with various problems from the Windows OS itself. These problems arise for various reasons, such as being exposed to viruses, malware or ransomware, corrupted system files, problematic application installations, and so on.

Here are some handy guides for solving problems on Windows OS

Blue Screen of Dead (BSOD) code on Windows

A Blue Screen of Death (BSOD) will occur when Windows is experiencing a serious problem. Windows will display a blue screen with an error code on the screen. The error code on the screen is very useful information on the cause of the failure to further identify the problem. BSOD can occur on all Windows operating systems starting from Windows 95 to Windows 11. In Windows 11 the BSOD screen is not blue but black. Here, Bardimin summarizes various sources of error codes from the BSOD and their explanations. CodeMessageDescription0x00000001APC_INDEX_MISMATCHThis BSOD means that there has been a mismatch in the APC state index. BSOD error code 0x00000001 may also show "APC_INDEX_MISMATCH" on the same blue screen. APC_INDEX_MISMATCH – internal kernel error. It occurs at the completion of the system call. Error 0x00000001 occurs when the file system driver has a mismatched sequence of system calls to start or finish a protected or critical section. For example, each call must be KeEnterCriticalRegion corresponding call KeLeaveCriticalRegion.0x00000002DEVICE_QUEUE_NOT_BUSYThis BSOD is uncommon. BSOD error code 0x00000002 may also show "DEVICE_QUEUE_NOT_BUSY" on the same blue screen. A rare error may be caused, both by hardware and software. The highest probability of an error is a failure of the printer driver or an error signature key. Any operating system family of Windows NT from Microsoft can cause Stop 0x00000002. Including Windows 8, Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP and Windows 2000. As with any other error blue screen of death, you cannot complete the operation because the system immediately restarts or if it is linked with the settings, restart the user expects.0x00000003INVALID_AFFINITY_SETThis BSOD is uncommon. BSOD error code 0x00000003 may also show "INVALID_AFFINITY_SET" on the same blue screen. Most likely this error can be seen when installing the printer. Any operating system can cause Stop 0x00000003. it was present Windows 2000 and it is fixed in the latest updates of windows.0x00000004INVALID_DATA_ACCESS_TRAPThis BSOD is uncommon. BSOD error code 0x00000004 may also show "INVALID_DATA_ACCESS_TRAP" on the same blue screen. This problem occurs in Windows XP SP2 and Windows Server 2003 when you install some antivirus and firewall programs. To resolve this problem in Windows XP SP2, you must download and install the updates. It also indicates an unacceptable interruption of access to the data. This error occurs if your operating system drivers are outdated.0x00000005INVALID_PROCESS_ATTACH_ATTEMPTThis BSOD is uncommon. BSOD error code 0x00000005 may also show "INVALID_PROCESS_ATTACH_ATTEMPT" on the same blue screen. This error indicates that the flow has been attached to the process in a situation where it is not allowed. For example, this error could occur if caused KeAttachProcess, when the flow has been attached to the process (which is not allowed), or if the flow is returned from the certain function calls in the attached state (that is not valid). It occurs when a coding error in the Http.sys file, which in turn causes damage to the stack.0x00000006INVALID_PROCESS_DETACH_ATTEMPTThis BSOD is uncommon. BSOD error code 0x00000006 may also show "INVALID_PROCESS_DETACH_ATTEMPT" on the same blue screen. A rare error indicates a problem with a mutex or APC. BSoD may occur if Windows incorrectly queues function asynchronous procedure call (APC) nucleus, also known as a completion routine.0x00000007INVALID_SOFTWARE_INTERRUPTThis BSOD is uncommon. BSOD error code 0x00000007 may also show "INVALID_SOFTWARE_INTERRUPT" on the same blue screen. It indicates the level is not within the software range. In the present version of windows, they tried to fix it but despite all this, it still exists under the latest Windows. Usually, it occurs due to a hardware controller or a damaged or defective/incompatible software. Technically, this error means that the kernel mode process or driver attempted to access a memory location which is not allowed.0x00000008IRQL_NOT_DISPATCH_LEVELThis BSOD is uncommon. BSOD error code 0x00000008 may also show "IRQL_NOT_DISPATCH_LEVEL" on the same blue screen. The blue screen of death 0x00000008 indicates an attempt to remove the device at a non-dispatch level.0x00000009IRQL_NOT_GREATER_OR_EQUALThis BSOD is uncommon. BSOD error code 0x00000009 may also show "IRQL_NOT_GREATER_OR_EQUAL" on the same blue screen. IRQL_NOT_GREATER_OR_EQUAL error occurs when memory access occurs at too high IRQL. Typically, this error indicates IRQL value is less than desired when a driver uses an incorrect memory address. Other possible causes of this error include an incompatible device driver, a general hardware problem, or incompatible software.0x0000000AIRQL_NOT_LESS_OR_EQUALThis BSOD means that Microsoft Windows or a kernel-mode driver accessed paged memory at DISPATCH_LEVEL or above. BSOD error code 0x0000000A may also show "IRQL_NOT_LESS_OR_EQUAL" on the same blue screen. Stop 0x0000000A occurs when entering sleep mode. This occurs because Diskdump.sys driver incorrectly sets the I/O size to 0. When the system enters hibernation mode, Diskdump.sys driver is responsible for writing the memory content in the Hiberfil.sys file. If the storage device that contains Hiberfil.sys file busy, when the device receives an I/O request from Diskdump.sys driver, it tries to send the I/O request later. However, Diskdump.sys driver incorrectly sets the I/O size to 0 when resends the request. Therefore, the system accesses the invalid memory address and you get an error message.0x0000000BNO_EXCEPTION_HANDLING_SUPPORTThis BSOD is uncommon. BSOD error code 0x0000000B may also show "NO_EXCEPTION_HANDLING_SUPPORT" on the same blue screen. A blue screen of 0x0000000B indicates that exception handling was not supported.0x0000000CMAXIMUM_WAIT_OBJECTS_EXCEEDEDThis BSOD means that the current thread exceeded the permitted number of wait objects. BSOD error code 0x0000000C may also show "MAXIMUM_WAIT_OBJECTS_EXCEEDED" on the same blue screen. Error MAXIMUM_WAIT_OBJECTS_EXCEEDED exist due to improper use of KeWaitForMultipleObjects or FsRtlCancellableWaitForMultipleObjects. The caller may pass a pointer to the buffer parameter WaitBlockArray the routine. The system will use this buffer to track waiting objects. If the buffer is provided, the count parameter may not exceed MAXIMUM_WAIT_OBJECTS. If the buffer is not provided, the count parameter may exceed THREAD_WAIT_OBJECTS. If the count value exceeds the allowable value, this error occurs.0x0000000DMUTEX_LEVEL_NUMBER_VIOLATIONThis BSOD is uncommon. BSOD error code 0x0000000D may also show "MUTEX_LEVEL_NUMBER_VIOLATION" on the same blue screen. It indicates an attempt to acquire the mutex at a lower level. This often happened after CPU overhead or lack of RAM, so make sure that your system does not have any virus and ...
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How to test Computer RAM to find out its condition

Random-access memory (RAM) is high-speed and super-fast storage used in computers to temporarily store and access data. RAM works by giving applications a place to store and access data in the short term. And RAM also stores information that the computer is actively using so it can be accessed quickly. The more programs run by the operating system, the greater the need for RAM. Like other computer components, RAM can also be damaged. One sign of damage to RAM is that the computer screen turns blue or what we know as "blue screens of death" (BSOD). Early signs of damage to RAM can be easily recognized such as the occurrence of "crashes" when using the computer, but the operating system can still run. When the damage is getting worse, "crashes" will occur more often. To test whether the RAM still has stable and normal performance, you can use the following tool. A. Windows Memory Diagnostic tool Windows Memory Diagnostic tool is an application to test RAM which is a default application from Windows. This tool is already available on Windows 10, Windows 11, Windows 7 without you needing to install it. Memory Diagnostics Tool will work by checking RAM for any errors while working on your system. This helps you to determine if a problem is occurring due to hardware failure including RAM, motherboard, and more. How to use Windows Memory Diagnostic tool 1. Type “Windows Memory Diagnostic” in the search menu and select the application. 2. Select “Restart now and check for problems” to start the test. The computer will restart to test memory health. 3. Wait for the process to finish The testing process will go through several stages and it will take time until all processes are completed. If the process is complete, the computer will restart again and enter Windows as usual. B. MemTest86 If you are looking for a more powerful tool, you can use PassMark MemTest86. MemTest86 has the ability to perform a wider variety of tests and may find issues that Windows tests cannot. PassMark MemTest86 does not require an operating system to perform memory tests, so you can use it on both Windows and Linux. You can run MemTest86 by booting from a USB Flash drive. How to use MemTest86 1. Download PassMark MemTest86. 2. Extract the downloaded file . 3. Insert the USB Flash drive into the PC. 3. Run the file “imageUSB.exe” to create a bootable MemTest86 USB Flash drive. 4. Restart the computer and change the boot to USB Flash drive 5. Select “ Config ” on the MemTest86 Home Screen 6. Select “ Start Test ” to start testing. Testing can take from 30 minutes to several hours. If an error appears, you don't need to continue testing until it's finished, because the RAM you are using is definitely a problem. You can replace it with another RAM chip to test it. MemTest86 displays when it encounters a memory error. Thank you for visiting Bardimin. Hope it is useful ...
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How to change Legacy BIOS to UEFI on Windows

We often hear the terms BIOS and UEFI. But do you know how BIOS and UEFI work? Most computer users only know that if we turn on the computer, it will be preceded by a display of hardware information which is a report of the results of the BIOS/UEFI before the computer loads the operating system. Difference between BIOS and UEFI BIOS stands for Basic Input/Output System and is also known as system BIOS, ROM BIOS or PC BIOS. While the definition of BIOS is the firmware used to initialize the hardware during the boot process (power-on startup ), and to provide runtime services for the operating system and programs. The BIOS firmware is pre-installed on the computer's motherboard and is the first software that runs when the computer is turned on. The BIOS is stored in an EPROM (Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory) which allows the manufacturer to perform updates easily. You can access the BIOS by pressing del, F2 or F10 during the initial phase of the boot procedure Unified Extensible Firmware Interface or what we usually call UEFI is the software between operating system and firmware. UEFI replaces the legacy Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) firmware interface that was originally on all computers with most UEFI firmware implementations providing support for legacy BIOS services. UEFI can support remote diagnostics and repair of computers, even without an operating system installed. BIOS and UEFI have the same task, namely initializing hardware components and starting the operating system stored on the hard disk drive when the computer starts up. The main difference between UEFI and BIOS is that UEFI stores all data about initialization and startup in a .efi, whereas the BIOS stores it in the firmware. files. This efi is stored in a special partition called the EFI System Partition (ESP) on the hard disk. This ESP partition also contains the bootloader. Advantages of using UEFI UEFI came as a refinement of the shortcomings of the BIOS. As a BIOS enhancement, of course, UEFI has many advantages over its predecessors. Some of the advantages of UEFI, among others:
  1. UEFI supports drive and partition sizes up to 8 ZB (zettabyte), while BIOS only supports 2 TB (terabyte).
  2. UEFI supports an unlimited number of partitions, whereas BIOS can only create 4 primary partitions.
  3. Boot time using EUFI is faster.
  4. UEFI offers "Secure Boot" security to prevent the computer from booting from unauthorized applications and to ensure that no malware interferes with the startup process .
  5. UEFI supports network functions in the UEFI firmware itself, which helps remote troubleshooting and UEFI configuration.
  6. UEFI runs in 32bit or 64bit mode which is capable of providing GUI navigation with a mouse, while BIOS runs in 16bit mode and navigates using only the keyboard.
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How to check Windows using UEFI or Legacy BIOS mode 1. Open “System Information”. Click search and type "System Information". Then select the application " System Information " 2. Check the item “BIOS Mode” If the item “BIOS Mode” is “ UEFI ”, it means that you have used UEFI boot mode. On the other hand, if the value is “ Legacy ”, it means that you are still using the Legacy BIOS boot mode. How to change boot mode from Legacy BIOS to UEFI on Windows without reinstalling and losing data You can use the following steps to change the Legacy BIOS to UEFI on all versions of Windows 11 and Windows 10 with a minimum version of 1703. 1. Check Windows version > 1703 For how to check the Windows version, see How to check the Windows version. 2. Check whether the partition type is using MBR Open " Disk Management ", for how to open it you can see on How to create a Windows partition without losing data and without applications. In “Disk Management”, select Disk 0 (Windows installation disk) and then right-click and select “Properties”. In the "Properties" window select the "Volumes" tab and look at the "Partition style" what is the MBR. 3. Open Command prompt “CMD” and run as administrator 4. Change MBR to GPT with mbr2gpt.exe In the CMD window type the following command: mbr2gpt.exe /convert /allowfullOS wait until all the process is complete 5. Restart the computer and enter BIOS Setup Restart the computer after step 4 is completely finished. Then enter BIOS setup by pressing the keyboard key del, F2, or F10 (see your computer's user manual for details ) during the initial phase of the boot procedure before loading Windows. 6 . Change boot mode in BIOS Setup to “UEFI” 7. Save and exit BIOS Setup. 8. Boot Windows 10 normally. That's an easy way to change the boot mode from Legacy BIOS to UEFI on Windows without reinstalling and losing data and without using third-party applications. Thank you for visiting, hopefully useful… ...
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How to Reset Forgot Windows 10 Password

Have you ever forgotten your Windows administrator password? What do you do when you experience this and you can't get into Windows because your user is locked or disabled? Lots of Windows OS users when they forget the administrator password choose to reinstall. Reinstalling Windows is not an easy job when the PC/Laptop you are using has a lot of data stored and also many important applications installed on it. If you have previously created a “password reset disk”, you can easily do the password recovery process. Or if you use a user from a “Microsoft account”, you can visit the Microsoft website to request a new password. In this article, Bardimin will share how to reset the administrator password on Windows using an open-source called " chntpw " which has the ability to remove, bypass, unlock and reset passwords from Windows. Steps to reset forgot Windows 10 administrator password 1. Download “ chntpw ”, you can choose the bootable version from CD or USB. CD version --> burn the “ISO” file to a blank CD USB version --> extract and copy all files to the root of the USB flash drive. 2. Boot the PC/Laptop from the CD/USB which already contains the “ chntpw ” file To boot from a CD/USB, you can change the boot order in the BIOS by placing the CD or USB first. On some PCs/Laptops, you can choose via the Boot Menu by pressing the "F12" or " fn + F12" keys when the PC/Laptop is just turned on and has not started loading Windows. 3. Selecting the location of the Windows installation partition on Chntpw Press Enter to proceed to the next screen which will ask you which disk Windows has installed. The screen will show all the Windows partitions on the drive with a number next to them. If there is one Windows OS installed on your computer, just type the number 1 and press Enter. 4. Select the registry section to be edited Type the number 1 and press Enter because we will be resetting the Windows user password stored in the SAM registry file. 5. Edit user data and password Now we will be presented with the Main Interactive Menu of chntpw . Type the number 1 and press Enter. 6. Choose the username that is reset Select the username to be edited by entering the RID number. You will then be prompted to select an option to remove passwords, unlock and activate user accounts, or promote users to administrators. To reset the password, simply type the number 1 and press Enter. Once the password is cleared, type “q” to stop continuing. 7. Exit chntpw and save changes Type “q” to exit the chntpw program. Type “y” and press Enter to save changes. 8. Reboot your computer and enter Windows without a password ...
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How to Factory Reset Windows 10

When we use Windows that has just finished installation, we can feel the performance of Windows is quite good. Windows feels fast and light when we open files, applications, or other things. Over time, the longer the Windows that we use, the slower we feel and the worse the error often appears. Errors that appear like "Not responding" or "blue screen" are certainly very disturbing. The causes of these errors from Windows are many, it can be due to updates from Windows, installation of applications/programs, windows files being damaged, exposed to viruses, and so on. A quick way to solve all these errors or problems is to do a factory reset. Windows 10 factory reset steps
  1. In the Windows search box, type “reset” and select “ Reset this PC ”.
  1. Then click “ Get started ” to start the PC reset.
  1. Select and click “ Keep my files ” if you want to delete all installed applications and drivers and delete all settings in Windows, but your files in MyDocuments remain safe. Select it and click “ Remove everything ” if you are going to delete everything from your PC. Windows will return like a new PC/Laptop.
  1. Then select " Local reinstall ".
  1. Then click the “Next” button.
  1. Click the " Reset " button , if you are ready to start resetting the PC.
  1. Then the reset process will begin and the PC will restart several times.
Thank you for visiting Bardimin. Hope it is useful… ...
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How to recover Windows 11, Windows 10, and Windows 7

When we use Windows that has just finished installation, we can feel the performance of Windows is quite good. Windows feels fast and light when we open files, applications, or other things. Over time, the longer the Windows we use, the slower we feel and the worse the error often appears. Errors that appear like "Not responding" or "blue screen" are certainly very disturbing. The causes of these errors from Windows are many, it can be due to updates from Windows, installation of applications/programs, windows files being damaged, exposed to viruses, and so on. A quick way to solve all these errors or problems is to reinstall Windows. Reinstalling Windows might be the easiest way to solve the problem. But what if the PC contains a lot of data files and applications/programs that we really need and the process for installing these applications is not easy. Of course, reinstalling Windows is not the first choice that we will choose, because by reinstalling Windows we will lose all these applications/programs and also we have to make sure that the data files we have will be safe. There are several ways to repair the damage to Windows that you can try before reinstalling, For more details, read this article in full. Windows recovery steps with System Restore
  1. Open “ Control Panel ”. Then in the search box type " recovery ". Then select " Recovery ".
  1. Then in the Recovery window select " Open System Restore ".
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  1. Next in the System Restore window select “ Choose a different restore point ”. Click the “Next” button to continue.
  1. Select the restore date you want. If you want to show more restore point options, click “Show more restore points”. The date you choose should be the date on which Windows you are using is still running normally. Then click the “Next” button
Windows will create a restore point every time you install a new application or install a driver. You can also create restore points manually. System Restore will not delete your personal files, but will delete applications, drivers and updates that were made after the restore date.
  1. Click the “Finish” button when you are sure of your choice.
Windows recovery steps with Windows Reset
  1. In the Windows search box, type “reset” and select “ Reset this PC ”.
  1. Then click “ Get started ” to start the PC reset.
  1. Select and click “ Keep my files ” if you want to delete all installed applications and drivers and delete all settings in Windows, but your files in MyDocuments are still safe. Select it and click “ Remove everything ” if you are going to delete everything from your PC. Windows will return like a new PC/Laptop.
  1. Then select " Local reinstall ".
  1. Then click the “Next” button.
  1. Click the " Reset " button, if you are ready to start resetting the PC.
  1. Then the reset process will begin and the PC will restart several times.
Thank you for visiting Bardimin. Hope it is useful… ...
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How to create a Windows Partition without data loss and without applications

When we buy a new laptop, often when we open the file explorer we only find one drive (drive C:), even though the hard drive we have has a large enough capacity. Actually, even with only one C: drive will not have a bad impact on the performance of the Windows OS that we use. The main disadvantage of using a single C: drive is when a problem occurs with the Windows OS that we use and requires us to reinstall the Windows OS. Before re-installing, we have to do a backup of the data we have to an external hard drive. The problem will be even more complicated if the damage that occurs is the damaged filesystem of the C: drive. If the filesystem is damaged, we can't back up data just by "copying and pasting". Advantages of creating partitions on Windows By creating more than one partition, we can separate the Windows OS files and the data we have. If one day the Windows OS that we use has problems and has to be reinstalled, we no longer bother to backup data. Let's just format the C: drive and we can install Windows OS without worrying about losing data. How to create a new partition in Windows To create a new partition on Windows, be it Windows 11, Windows 10, or Windows 7, we don't need any additional applications. Simply by using "Disk Management" which is the default from Windows. The steps are as follows: Steps to create a partition on Windows
  1. Open "Computer Management". To open it just type "Computer Management" in the search button and click "Computer Management" with the computer icon.
  1. In Computer Management, select "Disk Management"
  1. Then select the drive you want to resize the partition. For example in this example we will resize the C: drive. Click the "Windows (C:)" drive and then right click and select "Shrink Volume".
  1. Next on "Enter the amount of space to shrink" (1) fill in the size of the D: drive that you will create. In this example we will create a D: drive with a size of 600 GB. For writing we have to write it in units of Mega Byte (MB), so we write 600,000 MB. While the green box number 2, shows the size of the C: drive after we partition (we don't need to fill in this box, only information).
Recommended C: drive size Windows For drive size C: Windows OS, adjust it according to your needs plan
  • 150 - 200 GB --> for standard needs (Windows and Office)
  • 200 - 400 GB --> for those of you who need a lot of applications
  • > 400 GB --> for those of you who like to play heavy games.
  1. After the process in step 4 is complete, a new partition will be formed with the status "Unallocated". Then select the "Unallocated" drive and right-click, select it and click "New Simple Volume".
  1. In the "New Simple Volume Wizard" you just click the Next button on each confirmation that appears until the whole process is complete.
  1. After the "New Simple Volume Wizard" process is complete, if you open the file explorer a new drive will appear, namely drive D:
Moved default Documents, Downloads, Pictures, Music and Videos directories When finished creating the partition, the next step is to move the default from the Documents, Downloads, Pictures, Music, and Videos directory to the D: drive that we have created.
  1. Create a directory named Documents, Downloads, Pictures, Music and Videos on drive D:
  1. In the file explorer (Quick access), select the "Documents" directory and then right-click and select "Properties".
  1. Under "Documents Properties" select the "Location" tab. Then select the "Move" button.
  1. Next select the "Documents" directory on the D: drive that we created in the first step earlier. Then click the "Select Folder" button.
  1. Click the "Yes" button on the confirmation window that appears.
  1. Repeat step 2 for the other directories.
That's the way to partition and move the default directory from Windows that you can apply to Windows 11, Windows 10, and Windows 7. Hope it is useful… ...
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Prevent Windows 10 Specific Updates

After we uninstall updates on Windows, not long after that Windows will update again. Like when we uninstall the KB5005565 update which causes printer sharing to not run after we uninstall it, printer sharing becomes normal again. A few days later, printer sharing is no longer possible because Windows is updating again KB5005565. Of course, an incident like this is very annoying. To overcome this, we need a tool from Microsoft called "Show or hide updates". This "Show or hide updates" from Microsoft can block (hide) unwanted Windows Updates or certain Drivers from reinstalling again on your system. But unfortunately, Microsoft has removed this tool from its official website. If you search on Microsoft's official web, you will not find this tool anymore. With the removal of this tool, Microsoft does not want Windows users to miss updates which are improvements and optimizations of Windows in various ways. However, the updates that Microsoft provides are not always what we need as in the example above. But don't worry, we will share this tool with you. Steps to prevent specific updates from Windows 10
  1. Perform uninstall Windows updates that you do not want.
    If you don't know how to uninstall updates, you can take a look at our previous tutorial: How to Uninstall Windows 10 Update.
  1. Download "Show or hide updates".
  1. Extract the "wushowhide.zip" file and then run the "wushowhide.diagcab" file. After that click "Next".
  1. Next select it and click "Hide updates".
  1. Then select the updates you don't want by ticking. Windows will not update automatically if the update status is "hidden". Then click the "Next" button.
  1. After the process is complete, it will appear as shown below.
If at any time you want to restore the update that you have "hidden", repeat it again starting from step 3, and in step 4 select "Show hidden update" and then select and check the update you want to restore. Thank you for visiting, hopefully useful ...
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How to enable TPM 2.0 Windows 11

Trusted Platform Module (TPM) technology is hardware-based security technology. TPM chips are crypto-processors that are secure for performing cryptographic operations. The chip includes several physical security mechanisms to make it resistant to interference, and malicious software cannot damage TPM security functions. Some of the main advantages of using TPM technology are:
  • Generate, store, and limit the use of cryptographic keys.
  • Authentication of the device by using the unique RSA key TPM
  • Helps ensure the integrity of the platform by taking and storing security measurements.
The most common function of TPM is to measure system integrity and the creation or use of keys. During the system boot process, the boot code (including firmware and operating system components) is measured and recorded in TPM. This integrity measurement is to ensure that only the correct software performs the system boot. How to enableTPM This TPM setting can be changed through UEFI BIOS (PC firmware). For every manufacturer, the way to get into the BIOS is not the same, but in general, it is to press the keyboard key"F10, F2, F12, F1 or DEL" when the new PC is on. How to enable PC Hp TPM
  1. Turn on the computer and press the"F10" button to start the BIOS settings menu.
  2. On the"Security"tab, check if the status of your TPM Device is"Hidden".
  3. Change "TPM device status" to "Available".
  4. Change"TPM State"to"Enabled".
  5. Press"F10" to exit, and then click Yes to save the change.
How to enable Dell PC TPM
  1. Turn on the computer and press the"F2" button when the Dell logo appears
  2. Go to the "Security" section
  3. Select "TPM 2.0 Security"
  4. Select "TPM On"
  5. Select "Apply"
  6. Select "Exit"
How to enable Lenovo PC TPM
  1. Turn on the computer and press the"F2" button
  2. Go to the "Security" section
  3. For Intel Motherboards, select the option"Intel Platform Trust Technology"to"Enabled".
  4. For AMD Motherboards, select the option"AMD Platform Security Processor"to"Enabled".
  5. Press"F10" to exit, and then click Yes to save the change.
...
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Windows 11 bypass TPM and CPU

Microsoft has launched Windows 11 as a continuation of Windows 10. Windows 11 comes with many new features, such as the ability to download and run Android apps on your Windows PC and updates to Microsoft Teams, a menu display, and a more graceful display design. Some changes that stand out in Windows 11:
  1. A Mac-like interface. Windows 11 features a clean design with rounded corners, pastel colors, and a Start and Taskbar menu in the middle.
  2. Integrated Android apps. With Windows Subsystem for Android, you can download android apps from the Microsoft Store and run them.
  3. Widgets. You can access widgets directly from the Taskbar and personalize them as you wish.
  4. Xbox. Xbox technology for better games, such as Auto HDR and DirectStorage.
  5. Virtual Desktop and better multitasking,
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But unfortunately, all the advantages of Windows 11 you can only enjoy if you have a computer/laptop with qualified specifications. The minimum requirements for being able to use Windows 11 are:
  • Processor: 1 gigahertz (GHz) or faster with two or more cores on a processor or 64-bit system compatible on a chip (SoC).
  • RAM: 4 gigabytes (GB) or greater.
  • Storage: 64 GB or greater is required.
  • Graphics card: Compatible with DirectX 12 or later, with WDDM 2.0 drivers.
  • System firmware: UEFI, capable of Secure Boot.
  • TPM: Trusted Platform Module (TPM) version 2.0.
  • Display: High definition display (720p), monitor 9" or larger, 8 bits per color channel.
If your computer or laptop does not meet these specifications, you will not be able to install Windows 11 on your favorite computer or laptop. TPM bypass steps and CPU checks But don't despair first, because Microsoft has also provided a way to bypass. You can see the different ways to install Windows 11 on Microsoft's official website here. One of the ways that Microsoft provides is to add registry keys such as the following: Registry Key: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESYSTEMSetupMoSetup Name: AllowUpgradesWithUnsupportedTPMOrCPU Type: REG_DWORD Value: 1 Ultimate Move How to bypass TPM and CPU mentioned above does not always work. If you fail to install Windows 11 after following these methods and are still curious to try the features of Windows 11, it's time to use the ultimate move. Download windows 11 images from Team OS. Using images from Team OS, we successfully installed Windows 11 on old-school computers and with VirtualBox ...
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How to Uninstall Windows 10 Updates

Windows Update is a Microsoft service that provides updates to the Microsoft Windows operating system and its supporting components. Windows Update services provide different types of updates. Security updates aim to prevent vulnerabilities to malicious programs and block exploits. While other updates to fix errors that are not related to security or to improve functionality. Security improvements are routinely provided on the second Tuesday of each month (Patch Tuesday), but updates can be issued in the event of a severe security threat. Windows Update can be configured to automatically install important updates when the computer is connected to the internet without the user needing to run the installation manually or even realize that an update is needed. Although the purpose of Windows update is to fix weaknesses or shortcomings of Windows, sometimes updates even create new problems. One example of security update KB5005565 that caused printer sharing to not work. To overcome things like this all we can do is delete the update and wait for the next fix for the problem. How????? Uninstall Windows 10 update
  1. Open"Settings". In the lower-left corner on the windows screen, click the windows logo and then select "Settings"
  1. Then go to"Update & Security". In the settings window, swipe to the very bottom and click"Update & Security".
  1. Open"View update history". In the window that opens, swipe slightly down and in the right column search and click "View update history".
  1. Next select"Uninstall updates"which are melted at the top of the open window. At the bottom you can see the history of updates that have occurred.
  1. Then select the update that you will uninstall. After that right click and select"uninstall". You will get confirmation whether to uninstall. If you are sure press the "Yes" button and if you want to cancel press the "No" button.
That's one way to remove updates from Windows 10. In other ways, you can follow the next article. Thanks. Good luck ...
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Change MBR to GPT without data loss using GDISK

MBR (Master Boot Record) is a hard disk partition architecture whose job is to hold information about system files, logical partitions, and system settings. If we look at history, MBR has been around since 1983 issued by IBM along with the DOS operating system. Until now the DOS operating system is still running. GPT (GUID Partition Table) is the latest generation of hard drive partition technology replacing MBR. GPT is a technology that exists in UEFI bios next generation that is more sophisticated and complete. So a computer/laptop that uses a GPT partition must use UEFI. When we are going to move the hard disk from the old computer that still uses the MBR partition to the new computer using UEFI with GPT partition there is often a message By deleting all existing partitions, the problem will be resolved. But what if in the hard disk there is a lot of important data and we do not want to lose that data. To keep your data safe, follow these steps. Convert MBR to GPT steps
  1. Before you start installing windows, download GPT fdisk then extract and copy the file to flash disk.
  2. Do the installation process as usual. When it comes to the following steps (see image), there is a Windows message that cannot be installed. Press the Shift+F10 key to bring up the promt command.
  1. Then type "notepad", and on notepad click File > Open.
  1. Open the file on the flash disk (see rare 1), then select "gdisk64.exe/gdisk32.exe" and right-click. Next select Run as administrator.
  1. Then type the hard disk number that you want to change to GPT, for example "0:, 1:,and so on" (note after the number adds a two-point). Then type Y for confirmation.
  1. After that the arrival of "t"on "command". On the "partition number" type "1". Partition number 1 is the partition used for booting (system). Then on "Hex code or GUID" type"EF00". Next on the command of the ketiti"w" to change to GPT.
  1. Next type "Y" for confirmation. Your partition has now changed to GPT. To see it click the "Refresh" button and the warning no longer appears.
...
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How to Easily Remove Bloatware From Windows 10 (100% Successful)

Bloatware is an app you don't want that overloads and slows down your device. The app can come from a new device's built-in installation, be downloaded with another download, or log into your system through a malicious site. Bloatware is becoming a scourge for tech owners. Manufacturers fill your new laptop, phone, or tablet with preinstalled apps to get some extra cash in their pockets. When you buy a new laptop, often the laptop is already filled with Windows. In fact, most Windows run slower than they should because they are overwhelmed by unnecessary applications. Known as bloatware, these applications exist in many forms. Most bloatware is harmless, but it can slow down the system and take up space on the hard drive. Windows 10 comes with a lot of bloatware. Often we find applications that are not useful for us such as Candy Crush Friends Saga, Candy Crush Saga, and Cooking Fever. In this article, Bardimin will show you an easy way to remove bloatware on Windows 10. Steps to remove windows 10 bloatware
  1. Download Windows10Debloater.
  2. Extract the zip file to C:temp
  1. Open Powershell,right-click it and select Run as Administrator.
  1. Type Set-ExecutionPolicy Unrestricted -Force and then press Enter.
  1. Change to the directory where the zip file extracts, e.g. c:temp,by typing cd c:temp. Then press the Enter button.
  1. Next, run the script by typing .Windows10DebloaterGUI.ps1. Then press the Enter button.
  1. Windows10DebloaterGUI will open. Then select"Remove All Bloatware".
  1. From the PowerShell window you can see the process running. Leave the process to finish.
  1. All bloatware has been removed. In the "Option" option you can choose to disable Cortana, disable telemetry and others by clicking the button.
  2. Bloatware removed by the script:
    3DBuilder, ActiproSoftware, Alarms, Appconnector, Asphalt8, Autodesk SketchBook, Bing Finance, Bing Food And Drink, Bing Health And Fitness, Bing News, Bing Sports, Bing Travel, Bing Weather, BioEnrollment, Camera, CandyCrush, CandyCrushSoda, Caesars Slots Free Casino, ContactSupport, CyberLink MediaSuite Essentials, DrawboardPDF, Duolingo, EclipseManager, Facebook, FarmVille 2 Country Escape, Flipboard, Fresh Paint, Get started, iHeartRadio, King apps, Maps, March of Empires, Messaging, Microsoft Office Hub, Microsoft Solitaire Collection, Microsoft Sticky Notes, Minecraft, Netflix, Network Speed Test, NYT Crossword, Office Sway, OneNote, OneConnect, Pandora, People, Phone, Phototastic Collage, PicsArt-PhotoStudio, PowerBI, Royal Revolt 2, Shazam, Skype for Desktop, SoundRecorder, TuneInRadio, Twitter, Windows communications apps, Windows Feedback, Windows Feedback Hub, Windows Reading List, XboxApp, Xbox Game CallableUI, Xbox Identity Provider, Zune Music, Zune Video.
...
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How to Easily Prevent Ransomware and Malware with SRP

Software Restriction Policies (SRP) is one of the features of windows to roll out any application that can be run on a windows computer. With SRP we can block viruses, ransomware, or malware that is accidentally triggered because of our activities in using the internet. Such as phishing emails or content that has been infected with malware/ransomware due to improper download habits. For those of you who have young children, you can use SRP to block applications or games that are not useful. There are 2 basic techniques for using SRP:
  1. White Listing,all applications are blocked except those in the list.
  2. Black Listing,as opposed, all applications are allowed except those on the list.
To prevent ransomware or malware, the most effective way is to use whitelisting techniques. For the black listing see here. Steps to prevent ransomware or malware with SRP
  1. Open Group Policy Editor
    Click (Windows logo + R), type“gpedit.msc”
  1. Select Computer Configuration/Windows Settings/Security Settings/Software Restriction Policies. In the right column there will be a description of No Software Restriction Policies Defined if you have never created.
  1. Then right-click and select New Software Restriction Policies
  1. Open Designated file types
  1. Find extension"LNK"and remove
  1. After that open"Additional Rule",in the right column has been formed default rule. The first is permission for windows system (1) and permission for applications installed in program files (2).
  1. If you're using windows x64, you need to add permissions for the program files folder (x86). How to right-click and select "New Path Rule" (1), in the popup window you can type the folder (2) or can click "Browse" and select the folder (3). Make sure the security level is "Unrestricted" (4). Then click OK.
  1. Not all applications are installed by default to the program files folder, such as Zoom. For the application it is necessary to add the location of the installation folder.
  1. As a final step, select Security Levels. In the right column and select"Disallowed"then right-click, then select"Set as default"
For those who experience difficulties in their use, please discuss in the comments field. May be useful ...
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